According to John Self, the author who inspired Netflix’s latest hit White Noise is a dazzling chronicler of modern America and one of the country’s legendary novelists.

The original jacket blurb for Don DeLillo’s 1985 novel White Noise read, “A brilliant story about death and the fear of death,” adding that the book “is, of course, a comedy.” This month, Noah Baumbach’s Netflix film White Noise will dazzle us with “a fascinating, invigorating spectacle,” a “thrillingly original” blast of cinematic lustre.

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So now seems like a good time to revisit White Noise’s author – and consider why Don DeLillo is one of our generation’s great novelists. He published his first novel in 1971 and has been one of those writers who makes us think in new ways for half a century: read him for long enough and the world begins to look different.

DeLillo’s early novels were about things – advertising (Americana, 1971), sport (End Zone, 1972), rock music (Great Jones Street, 1973). Later in the 1970s he began to grow and experiment more: novels like Ratner’s Star (1976), Players (1977) and Running Dog (1978) were playful, intricate and increasingly uninterested in forcing DeLillo’s talents into standard literary forms: They combined elements of science fiction, thrillers, and satire with complex subjects (astronomy, economics, social history). And they began to earn him a reputation: “There’s Norman Mailer, there’s Thomas Pynchon, now there’s Don DeLillo,” gasped the Los Angeles Times on the paperback cover of Running Dog.

But it is widely agreed by his admirers that the next stage of DeLillo’s career rang in what we might call his imperial phase. DeLillo’s colossal reputation rests on the five-book run of the 1980s and 1990s – The Names (1982), White Noise (1985), Libra (1988), Mao II (1991), and Underworld (1997). These books are still about things, but they are also the things: self-aware literary works, recreations of modern society so intense that they make us see it anew – intensely DeLillo-esque books about an intensely DeLillo-esque world.

DeLillo is often seen as a visionary, a prescient writer who saw what’s coming, but really what he does is observe what was really always there, and focus on it–2022–quick-preparation-tips-740638

Let’s take these five books and see what it is about DeLillo’s writing that makes him stand out among his contemporaries. In The Names, one character says he can “see a shape in the chaos of things”. What else do books serve? In White Noise, another says “I want to immerse myself in American magic and dread”. Don’t look any further.

The Names exemplifies DeLillo’s first characteristic: his ultramodernity. He is often seen as a visionary, a prescient writer who saw what’s coming, but really what he does is observe what was really always there, and focus on it.

The Names is a story about Americans living abroad, primarily in Greece and the Middle East. Everything about it is so up to date that Geoff Dyer described it as “a 21st-century novel published in 1982.” Its characters have modern, difficult-to-describe jobs: the narrator, James Axton, is unsure what he does for a living. “In general, I conduct reviews, examine figures, and make decisions.” It’s a world where it’s perfectly acceptable to despise the United States: “There’s no sense of wrong when you kill an American or blame America for some local disaster.” A world where, then as now, “The term “electronic commerce” refers to the sale of electronic goods. It indicated how bad we felt at any given time.”

The plot of The Names features a sect that kills people based on their names – and, in a horrifyingly prescient take on the extremes of human appetites, one character wants to film the murders taking place.

Of course, there was no social media in 1982, but The Names captures the groupthink it fosters: “Masses of people frighten me,” one man says. “People who are motivated by the same powerful emotion.” Even in his earlier novel, 1977’s Players, DeLillo spotted what few of us had: that New York’s World Trade Center Twin Towers were as much symbols as they were real objects: “The Towers did not appear to be permanent. They remained concepts, no less fleeting for all their weight than any routine light distortion.” When Al Qaeda used them as a symbol in September 2001, DeLillo admitted that “today, again, the world narrative belongs to terrorists.”

Connected to this modernity is the next key quality of DeLillo’s: his restless curiosity about the world. This is perhaps best exemplified in his 1988 novel Libra, which is about Lee Harvey Oswald and the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, which he refers to as “the seven seconds that broke the back of the American century.” (DeLillo decided to name the novel after Oswald’s zodiac sign early on. “I was hoping for Scorpio because I liked the sound of that word. His birth sign, however, was Libra, the scales. That’s what I settled for.” He also mentioned that “Oswald and I lived within six or seven blocks of each other in the Bronx,” which could have been a “motivating element” in writing the novel. Libra got in on the ground floor of an industry – the JFK conspiracy theory industry – that others would go on to explore and exploit, including Oliver Stone (JFK) and James Ellroy (American Tabloid). Little wonder that it was DeLillo’s first bestseller: it engages full-throatedly with what DeLillo says the JFK assassination opened up: “What has become unravelled since [then is] the sense of a coherent reality most of us shared” – an observation which could have been written the day before yesterday, with our filter bubbles and self-reinforcing social-media silos.

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